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Planting Native Trees for Biodiversity

When you plant a native tree, you give a gift to wildlife and the planet.

You also invest in the future. Indigenous trees are an important habitat for local insect and bird species, and help foster sustainable living by providing cleaner air, reducing cooling costs and preventing water run off. Monoculture gardens tend to require a lot more maintenance in the form of watering, fertilizing and pest control than native ones do.

List of Native Shade Trees

Deciduous Trees

Acer negundo (box elder)
Acer pensylvanicum (striped maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharinum (silver maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Amelanchier canadensis (shadblow serviceberry, Juneberry)
Betula lenta (cherry birch)
Betula nigra (river birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (blue beech, hornbeam, musclewood)
Carya alba (mockernut hickory)
Carya cordiformis (bitternut, swamp hickory)
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory)
Celtis occidentalis (hackberry, sugarberry)
Chamaecyparis thyoides (white cedar)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)
Crataegus crus-galli (cockspur hawthorn)
Diospyros virginiana (persimmon)
Fagus grandifolia var. caroliniana (beech)
Fagus grandifolia var. grandifolia (beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Fraxinus pensylvanica (green ash)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Juglans nigra (black walnut)
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweet gum)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Magnolia virginiana (sweetbay, swampbay)
Nyssa sylvatica (black gum, tupelo)
Ostrya virginiana (ironwood, hophornbeam)
Platanus occidentalis (sycamore, plane-tree)
Populus grandidentata (large-toothed aspen)
Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)
Prunus americana (wild plum)
Prunus pensylvanica (fire or pin cherry)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus bicolor (swamp white oak)
Quercus coccinea (scarlet oak)
Quercus falcata (southern red oak, Spanish oak)
Quercus marilandica (blackjack oak)
Quercus palustris (pin oak)
Quercus phellos (willow oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Quercus stellata (post oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Salix nigra (black willow)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Tilia americana (American linden, basswood)
Ulmus americana (American elm)
Ulmus rubra (red elm, slippery elm)

American Black Walnut tree in Verona

Evergreen Trees

Ilex opaca (American holly, Christmas holly)
Juniperus virginiana (eastern red cedar)
Pinus echinata (shortleaf pine)
Pinus rigida (pitch pine)
Pinus strobus (eastern white pine)
Pinus virginiana (Virginia pine)

Nurseries and Garden Centers

The following are local nurseries that sell, plant and usually guarantee the first year of your tree’s life.

Cedar Grove Garden Center (973) 256-1950
1201 Pompton Ave, Cedar Grove, NJ

Hillcrest Farms & Greenhouse (973) 239-0809‎
377 Bloomfield Ave., Verona, NJ

Pleasantdale Nurseries Incorporated (973) 731-0830
240 Pleasant Valley Way, West Orange, NJ

Ploch’s Garden Center (973) 471-5555
1172 Broad St, Clifton, NJ

Richfield Farms Garden Center and Nursery (973) 777-7535
1139 Van Houten Ave, Clifton, NJ